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Table 2 Comparison of demographics and clinical variables for patients with subspecialty consultation versus patients without consultation.

From: Consultation patterns and clinical correlates of consultation in a tertiary care setting

Variable Overall (N = 3979) No Consultation
(n = 2056)
≥ 1 Consultation
(n = 1923)
p-value
Demographics:     
Male (n; %) 2092 (52.6) 1058 (51.4) 1034 (53.8) 0.145
Age (yr)     
   mean [sd] 57 [19] 56 [20] 59 [18] < 0.001
   > 65 yo 1575 (39.6) 766 (37.3) 809 (42.1) 0.002
Clinical Diagnoses:     
Fluid & Electrolyte Disorders 877 (22.0) 406 (19.7) 471 (24.5) < 0.001
Hypertension Uncomplicated 875 (22.0) 422 (20.5) 453 (23.6) 0.02
Diabetes Uncomplicated 740 (18.6) 419 (20.4) 321 (16.7) 0.003
Chronic Pulmonary Disease 653 (16.4) 337 (16.4) 316 (16.4) 0.97
Congestive Heart Failure 567 (14.3) 208 (10.1) 359 (18.7) < 0.001
Cardiac Arrhythmia 576 (14.5) 242 (11.8) 334 (17.4) < 0.001
Alcohol Abuse 509 (12.8) 272 (13.2) 237 (12.3) 0.4
Liver Disease 452 (11.4) 199 (9.7) 253 (13.2) 0.001
Renal Failure 401 (10.1) 163 (7.9) 238 (12.4) < 0.001
Coagulopathy 318 (8.0) 135 (6.6) 183 (9.5) 0.001
Pulmonary Circulation Disorders 315 (7.9) 146 (7.1) 169 (8.8) 0.05
Other Neurologic Disorder 303 (7.6) 105 (5.1) 198 (10.3) < 0.001
Diabetes Complicated 291 (7.3) 119 (5.8) 172 (8.9) < 0.001
Hypertension Complicated 278 (7.0) 93 (4.5) 185 (9.6) < 0.001
Solid Tumor (No Metastasis) 268 (6.7) 115 (5.6) 153 (8.0) 0.003
Deficiency Anemia 244 (6.1) 101 (4.9) 143 (7.4) 0.001
Depression 223 (5.6) 128 (6.2) 95 (4.9) 0.08
Drug Abuse 187 (4.7) 114 (5.5) 73 (3.8) 0.01
Valvular Disease 179 (4.5) 65 (3.2) 114 (5.9) < 0.001
Hypothyroidism 177 (4.5) 76 (3.7) 101 (5.3) 0.02
Metastatic Cancer 180 (4.5) 70 (3.4) 110 (5.7) < 0.001
RA or Collagen Vascular Disease 179 (4.5) 53 (2.6) 126 (6.6) < 0.001
Peripheral Vascular Disorders 122 (3.1) 61 (3.0) 61 (3.2) 0.71
Peptic Ulcer Disease 95 (2.4) 37 (1.8) 58 (3.0) 0.01
Lymphoma 92 (2.3) 30 (1.5) 62 (3.2) < 0.001
Blood Loss Anemia 81 (2.0) 33 (1.6) 48 (2.5) 0.05
Obesity 64 (1.6) 23 (1.1) 41 (2.1) 0.01
Weight Loss 60 (1.5) 27 (1.3) 33 (1.7) 0.3
AIDS/HIV 57 (1.4) 9 (0.4) 48 (2.5) < 0.001
Paralysis 50 (1.3) 26 (1.3) 24 (1.3) 0.96
Psychoses 37 (0.9) 23 (1.1) 14 (0.7) 0.20
Clinical Diagnosis count:     
Total Diagnoses     
   mean [sd] 6.4 [3.8] 5.5 [3.6] 7.3 [3.8] < 0.001
Pre-admission Diagnoses     
   mean [sd] 2.2 [2.2] 1.6 [1.8] 2.8 [2.4] < 0.001
   ≥ 1 2975 (74.8) 1382 (67.2) 1597 (83.0) < 0.001
Post-admission Diagnoses     
   mean [sd] 4.2 [2.8] 3.9 [2.8] 4.6 [2.8] < 0.001