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Table 3 Socio-demographic factors associated with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) among people living with HIV attending services at Jimma University specialized hospital (n = 389)

From: Alcohol use disorders and associated factors among people living with HIV who are attending services in south west Ethiopia

Variables AUDs No AUD P-value Crude odds ratio 95% CI
N (%) N (%)
Gender Male 63 (44.1) 80 (55.9) <0.001 2.24 1.45-3.46
Female 64 (26.0) 182 (74.0)   Reference  
Age (years) 18-24 9 (39.1) 14 (60.9)   Reference  
25-34 54 (31.0) 120 (69.0) 0.436 0.70 0.29-1.72
35-44 43 (36.8) 74 (63.2) 0.829 0.90 0.36-2.26
45-54 13 (25) 39 (75.0) 0.219 0.52 0.18-1.47
55 and above 8 (34.8) 15 (65.2) 0.760 0.83 0.25-2.75
Ethnicity Oromo 46 (25.3) 136 (74.7)   Reference  
Amhara 37 (35.2) 68 (64.8) 0.074 1.61 0.96-2.71
Gurage/Keffa/Yem/Others 44 (43.1) 58 (56.9) 0.002 2.24 1.34-3.75
Religion Orthodox/Catholic 78 (37.9) 128 (62.1) 0.006 2.02. 1.22-3.33
Muslim 29 (23.2) 96 (76.8)   Reference  
Protestant 20 (34.5) 38 (65.5) 0.111 1.74 0.88-3.45
Frequency of attending worship Daily/2–3 weekly 48 (28.6) 120 (71.4)   Reference  
Weekly 67 (35.3) 123 (64.7) 0.177 1.36 0.87-2.13
Less than a week 8 (38.1) 13 (61.9) 0.370 1.54 0.60-3.95
Never 4 (40.0) 6 (60.0) 0.444 1.67 0.45-6.17
Education No formal education 28 (34.15) 54 (65.85)   Reference  
Primary 63 (36.6) 109 (63.4) 0.700 1.12 0.64-1.94
Secondary/Tertiary 36 (26.7) 99 (73.3) 0.24 0.70 0.39-1.27
Occupation Unemployed 30 (30.9) 67 (69.1) 0. Reference  
Daily laborer 29 (29.3) 70 (70.7) 0.80 0.93 0.50-1.70
Employed/Farmer 21 (32.8) 43 (67.2) 0.80 1.09 0.56-2.15
Merchant 20 (31.7) 43 (68.3) 0.91 1.04 0.53-2.17
Others 27 (40.9) 39 (59.1) 0.19 1.55 0.81-2.97
Marital status Single 17 (35.4) 31 (64.6) 0.715 1.13 0.58-2.20
Married 63 (32.6) 130 (67.4)   Reference  
Separated/Divorced /Widowed 47 (31.8) 101 (68.2) 0.862 0.96 0.61-1.52
Living condition Alone 26 (31.0) 58 (69.0) 0.729 0.91 0.54-1.54
With family 92 (33.0) 187 (67.0)   Reference  
Other 9 (34.6) 17 (65.4) 0.865 1.07 0.46-2.505
  1. 5Other occupation = House wife, house servant, students, retired and driver.
  2. Other living condition = living with relative, Living with non-relative person.
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