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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of HIV-1 infected Kenyan patients at enrolment

From: HIV type 1 drug resistance patterns among patients failing first and second line antiretroviral therapy in Nairobi, Kenya

   Gender  
Characteristics All (n = 60) Female (n = 30) Male (n = 30) P = value
Age (Years) 36.9    
CD4+ count (cells/mm3)     
Mean 230 207 243  
Range (1-628) (5-584) (1-628)  
<100   6 9 P > 001
101-200   13 8  
201-300   1 3  
301-400     
401-500   4 5  
>600   2 1  
WHO Disease staging     P > 001
WHO Stage 1 9 7 2  
WHO Stage 2 23 11 12  
WHO Stage 3 24 12 12  
WHO Stage 4 4 - 4  
Unstructured treatment interruptions 39    
Switch ART 25    
Mean duration since infected (Months) 6.91 yrs    
First-line 42 21 21  
Second-line 18 9 9  
Education levels     
Primary 14 8 6 P > 0.001
secondary 22 9 13  
College/Tertiary 21 8 13  
None 2 1 1  
Marital status     
Single 5 3 2 P > 0.841
Married 49 20 29  
Separated/Divorced 5 4 1  
Age groups 21-30 4 5 P >0.001
  31-40 13 12  
  41-50 10 11  
  51-60 2 1  
  61-70   1  
Sub-Total   30 34