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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with active trachoma among children aged 1–9 years, Gonji Kollela District, Northwest Ethiopia, April 2014

From: Prevalence and associated factors of active trachoma among childeren aged 1–9 years in rural communities of Gonji Kolella district, West Gojjam zone, North West Ethiopia

Characteristics Presence of active trachoma OR with 95 % CI
Yes No Crude Adjusted
Number of family members
 ≤5 68 365 1.00 1.00
 >5 75 110 3.660 (2.475–5.413)** 14.326 (6.108–33.601)**
All family members use latrine
 No 81 185 2.048 (1.402–2.991)** 10.274 (4.277–24.968)**
 Yes 62 290 1.00 1.00
Educational status of house hold head
 Can’t read and write 84 171 1.942 (1.331–2.834)* 2.892 (1.447–5.780)*
 Can read and write 59 304 1.00 1.00
Number of less than ten year
 1–2 41 301 1.00 1.00
 ≥3 102 174 4.304 (2.863–6.470)** 25.53 (9.774–66.686)**
Frequency of face washing
 ≥2 times per day 71 297 1.00 1.00
 Once per day 72 178 1.692 (1.161–2.466)* 6.384 (2.860–14.251)**
Time to collect water
 ≤30 min 68 448 1.00 1.00
 >30 min 75 27 18.30 (11.006–30.430)** 25.530 (8.995–72.461)**
Waste disposal
 Proper 78 361 1.00 1.00
 Improper 65 114 2.639 (1.785–3.901)** 3.717 (1.538–8.981)*
Cattle passing night
 In the living room but separately 123 221 9.517 (4.847–18.687)** 4.75 (1.815–12.431)*
 Cattle house 10 171 1.00 1.00
Source of water
 Pipe 65 369 1.00 1.00
 Other 78 106 4.177 (2.818–6.193)** 2.353 (1.134–4.882)*
  1. (n = 618)
  2. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio
  3. * Statistically significant at P < 0.05
  4. ** Statistically significant at P < 0.001