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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and sexual behavior factors

From: Prevalence and correlates of HIV-risky sexual behaviors among students attending the Medical and Social Welfare Center of the University of Maroua, Cameroon

Variables All (n = 411) Male (n = 271) Female (n = 140) p value
N (%) or mean (standard deviation)a
Sex
 Male 271 (65.9)    
 Female 140 (34.1)    
Age (years) 24.6 (4.6) 25.2 (5.0) 23.5 (3.4) 0.201
Area of origin
 Urban 345 (83.9) 217 (80.1) 128 (91.4) 0.004
 Rural 66 (16.1) 54 (19.9) 12 (8.6)
Marital status of parents of household
 Monogamous 241 (58.6) 144 (53.1) 97 (69.3) 0.002
 Polygamous 135 (32.8) 105 (38.8) 30 (21.4)
 Single parent 35 (8.5) 22 (8.1) 13 (9.3)
Educational level of head of household
 Low (less than primary) 113 (27.5) 87 (32.1) 26 (18.6) 0.004
 High (secondary and higher) 298 (72.5) 184 (67.9) 114 (81.4)
Academic level
 Undergraduate 281 (68.4) 196 (72.3) 85 (60.7) 0.017
 Graduate 130 (31.6) 75 (27.7) 55 (39.3)
Type of studies
 Science 195 (47.4) 140 (51.7) 55 (39.3) 0.017
 Humanities, arts and social sciences 216 (52.6) 131 (48.3) 85 (60.73)
Accommodation
 Single 189 (46.0) 120 (44.3) 69 (49.3) 0.002
 Collocation 143 (34.8) 109 (40.2) 34 (24.3)
 In family 79 (19.2) 42 (15.5) 37 (26.4)
Marital status
 Married 48 (11.7) 31 (11.4) 17 (12.1) 0.833
 Single 363 (88.3) 240 (88.6) 123 (87.9)
Religious affiliation
 Catholic 193 (46.9) 121 (44.7) 72 (51.5) 0.410
 Protestant 134 (32.6) 91 (33.6) 43 (30.7)
 Muslim 48 (11.7) 31 (11.4) 17 (12.1)
 Pentecostal 36 (8.8) 28 (10.3) 8 (5.7)
Had sexual education at school
 Yes 289 (70.3) 184 (67.9) 105 (75.0) 0.136
 No 122 (29.7) 87 (32.1) 35 (25.0)
Had ever discussed with parent about sexuality
 Yes 228 (55.5) 137 (50.6) 91 (65.0) 0.005
 No 183 (44.5) 134 (49.4) 49 (35.0)
Had ever watched pornography
 Yes 330 (80.3) 236 (87.1) 94 (67.1) <0.0001
 No 81 (19.7) 35 (12.9) 46 (32.9)
Age at the first pornographic viewing
 Low (<18) 195 (59.1) 146 (61.9) 49 (52.1) 0.105
 High (≥18) 135 (40.9) 90 (38.1) 45 (47.9)
Previously had sex
 Yes 332 (80.8) 225 (83) 107 (76.4) 0.109
 No 79 (19.2) 46 (17) 33 (23.6)
Age at sexual debut
 Low (<18) 184 (55.4) 137 (60.9) 47 (43.9) 0.004
 High (≥18) 148 (44.6) 88 (39.1) 60 (56.1)
Condom use during the first sexual intercourse
 Yes 188 (56.6) 109 (48.4) 79 (73.8) <0.0001
 No 144 (43.4) 116 (51.6) 28 (26.2)
Had drunk alcohol before the first sexual intercourse
 Yes 21 (6.3) 18 (8) 3 (2.8) 0.072
 No 311 (93.7) 207 (92) 104 (97.2)
Sexual partner of the first sexual intercourse
 Spouse 24 (7.2) 11 (4.9) 13 (12.1) <0.0001
 Boy/girlfriend 237 (71.4) 148 (65.8) 89 (83.2)
 Prostitute 10 (3.0) 10 (4.4) 0 (0)
 Others 61 (18.4) 56 (24.9) 5 (4.7)
Number of lifetime sexual partner
 Low (<3) 121 (36.4) 64 (28.4) 57 (53.3) <0.0001
 High (≥3) 211 (63.6) 161 (71.6) 50 (46.7)
Having had casual sexual partner
 Yes 163 (49.1) 142 (63.1) 21 (19.6) <0.0001
 No 169 (50.9) 83 (36.9) 86 (80.4)
Inconsistent condom use with new sexual partner
 Yes 144 (43.4) 116 (51.6) 28 (26.2) 0.302
 No 188 (56.6) 109 (48.4) 79 (73.8)
  1. aCategorical variables are described using their frequencies and percentages (in brackets); continuous variables are described using their means and standard deviations