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Table 3 Distribution of S. aureus carriage between preclinical and clinical students

From: Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage among pre-clinical and clinical medical students in a Tanzanian University

Variable S. aureus carriage p value
Preclinical (N = 33) n (%) Clinical (N = 33) n (%)
Age
 Median (IQR) 23 (22–25)a 25 (24–28)a <0.001
Gender
 Male 21 (63.6) 22 (66.7) 0.796
 Female 12 (36.4) 11 (33.3)
Course
 MD 29 (87.9) 28 (84.8) 0.500
 BMLS 4 (12.1) 5 (15.2)
Antibiotic useb
 Yes 5 (15.2) 1 (3.0) 0.098
 No 28 (84.8) 32 (97.0)
Hospital admissionc
 Yes 0 (0.0) 1 (3.0) 0.500
 No 33 (100.0) 32 (97.0)
Exposure to SSTIs
 Yes 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 No 33 (100.0) 33 (100.0)
  1. MD Doctor of medicine, BMLS Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Sciences, SSTIs skin and soft tissue infections
  2. aContinuous variable
  3. bIn the past 2 weeks
  4. cIn the past 3 months