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Table 1 Description of study participants

From: Determinants and time to blood transfusion among thermal burn patients admitted to Mulago Hospital

Variable Frequency Percentage (%)
Distribution of burns patients by pre-injury factors
Sex
 Male 75 67.0
 Female 37 33.0
Age group
 <5 66 58.93
 5–12 10 8.93
 >12 36 32.14
Body mass index
 Above normal 19 16.9
 (18.5–25 kg/m2) normal 59 52.7
 Below normal 34 30.4
Pre-existing illness
 Non 93 83.0
 Any blood disorders 2 1.8
 Respiratory disease 7 6.3
 Epilepsy 6 5.4
 Others 4 3.6
Distribution of burns patients by injury related factors
Cause of burn
 Scalds 74 66.1
 Flame 37 33.0
 Contact 1 0.9
Body part involved
 Face 2 1.8
 Head and neck 1 0.9
 Trunk 1 0.9
 Extremities 5 4.5
 Perineum 1 0.9
 Multiple parts 102 91.1
Degree/depth of burns
 Partial superficial 99 88.4
 Partial deep 4 3.6
 3rd degree 2 1.8
 Mixed 7 6.3
Inhalation injury
 Present 28 25
 Absent 84 75
Severity of the burns
 Minor 1 0.9
 Moderate 29 25.9
 Major 82 73.2
Percentage of TBSA
 Less than 20 62 55.4
 20 and above 50 44.6
WBC count at admission
 Normal 66 58.9
 Abnormal 46 41.0
Hb count at admission
 10–11 16 14.3
 8–9.9 32 28.6
 6–7.9 2 1.8
 >11 62 55.4
Other injury
 Yes 4 3.57
 No 108 96.43
 Total 112 100.00
Distribution of burns patients by post injury factors
Surgical procedures performed
 Yes 13 11.61
 No 99 88.39
Disposition/ward
 ICU 26 23.21
 Holland 86 76.79
Type of admission
 Primary 92 82.14
 Referral 20 17.86
WBC count during admission
 Yes 64 57.14
 No 49 42.86
Source of infection
 Yes 49 43.75
 No 63 56.25
Low haemoglobin level
 Yes 68 60.71
 No 44 39.29
Lowest serum albumin
 Normal (3.5–4.9) 25 22.32
 >2.9–3.5 23 20.54
 2.5–2.9 15 13.39
 Severe (<2.5) 49 43.75
  1. We classified variables as injury, pre injury and post injury factors to single out which factors risk a patient to blood transfusion
  2. A total of 112 patients were recruited. 67% of these were male. A larger percentage was children under 5 years of age and commonly due to lack of adult supervision of these children back at home. 30% of the participants were admitted with an initial below average Basal metabolic rate range whereas 52% were within normal BMI range. Comorbidities including epilepsy were observed in 17% of the participants
  3. The most common cause of these burns was scalds (66.1%). And among patients with open flame burns, 25 presented with inhalation injury
  4. Approximately 12% of the participants had surgery (skin grafting, Escharotomy or amputation) whereas we offered routine wound care to all participants. 99% of the patients were moderately or severely injured and 23.21% ended up in the burns intensive care unit