Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Final-year pharmacy students’ perceptions about ADR reporting in Nigeria (N = 342)

From: An evaluation of the knowledge and perceptions of pharmacy students on pharmacovigilance activities in Nigeria

S/no Survey statements SD 1 D 2 SLa 3 A 4 SA 5 Median (50-per) Mean Kruskal–Wallis Mann–Whitney U P value
1 I believe that I have acquired enough knowledge to enable me report ADRs 1 1 1 126 213 5.00 4.6 262 5593 0.01
2 Pharmacovigilance should be taught at all levels in pharmacy schools 120 60 50 72 40 2.00 2.6 289 150 0.02
3 Majority of ADR reports should come from pharmacists 108 91 80 32 31 2.00 2.4 300 672 0.02
4 I believe that non- reporting of ADRs could pose major health problems 61 50 20 88 123 4.00 3.5 289 238 0.01
5 I believe that ADRs caused by herbal medicines should be reported 130 100 75 7 30 2.00 2.14 284 326 0.04
6 Monetary incentives to health workers may improve ADRs reporting 16 65 10 101 150 4.00 3.9 260 1845 0.02
7 Pharmacy students can perform ADR reporting during their clerkship 35 43 75 80 109 4.00 3.54 283 350 0.03
8 I believe that government could improve ADR reporting 94 64 80 95 9 3.00 2.59 299 488 0.02
9 I believe ADR reporting is an integral part of pharmaceutical care 31 68 53 69 121 4.00 3.53 286 119 0.01
10 Pharmacists should not be barred from reporting ADRs 154 121 36 11 20 2.00 1.89 248 1794 0.01
11 I believe if pharmacists report ADR PV activities will improve 5 2 14 198 123 4.00 4.26 234 238 0.04
12 Disclosure of identities of ADR reporters would increase reporting 10 5 9 53 265 5.00 4.63 215 8687 0.01
13 I believe that if the identities of ADR reporters are not disclosed reporting rate will decrease 58 21 44 98 121 4.00 3.59 288 119 0.02
14 Pharmacovigilance should be taught only at higher levels in pharmacy schools 32 17 20 88 185 5.00 4.04 245 3927 0.01
15 I believe that adverse reactions caused by cosmetics should be reported 126 78 29 16 93 2.00 2.63 300 95 0.03
  1. Likert scale key: strongly disagree (1), disagree (2), slightly agree (3), agree (4) and strong agree (5)
  2. P < 0.05 was considered significant