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Table 2 Assessment of risk factors associated with intestinal helminths among pregnant women attending ANC in East Wollega, Oromia, Ethiopia from November 2015 to January 2016

From: Intestinal helminthic infection and anemia among pregnant women attending ante-natal care (ANC) in East Wollega, Oromia, Ethiopia

Variables Helminthes COR (95% CI) P AOR (95% CI) P
Present, N (%) Absent, N (%)
Age group
 ≤29 years 67 (22.8) 226 (77.2) 1   1  
 >29 years 25 (31.6) 54 (68.4) 0.64 (0.4, 1.1) 0.112 1.32 (0.7, 2.3) 0.453
Residence
 Rural 63 (36.4) 173 (63.6) 1.34 (0.8, 2.2) 0.436   
 Urban 29 (21.3) 107 (78.7) 1    
Educational status
 Illiterate 39 (30.7) 88 (69.3) 1.61 (1.3, 6.8) 0.014* 2.21 (1.3, 4.8) 0.042*
 Literate 53 (21.6) 192 (78.4) 1   1  
Presence of latrine
 Absent 30 (40) 45 (60) 2.53 (1.5, 4.3) 0.001* 4.62 (1.7, 8.3) 0.013*
 Present 62 (21) 235 (79) 1   1  
Hand washing after latrine
 No 12 (25.5) 35 (74.5) 1.00 (0.5, 2.1) 0.894   
 Yes 80 (24.6) 245 (75.4) 1    
Open field defecation
 Yes 39 (26.5) 108 (73.5) 1.23 (0.7, 1.9) 0.522   
 No 53 (23.5) 172 (76.5) 1    
Hand washing before meal
 No 9 (24.3) 28 (75.7) 0.98 (0.4, 2.1) 0.924   
 Yes 83 (24.8) 252 (75.2) 1    
Source of drinking water
 Unprotected 51 (28.2) 130 (71.8) 1.43 (0.9, 2.3) 0.142 1.04 (0.6, 1.8) 0.872
 Protected 41 (21.5) 150 (78.5) 1   1  
Wearing closed shoe regularly
 No 55 (23.6) 178 (76.4) 0.85 (0.3, 1.4) 0.526   
 Yes 37 (26.6) 102 (73.4) 1    
Eating raw meat
 Yes 72 (26.2) 203 (73.8) 1.37 (0.8, 2.4) 0.285   
 No 20 (20.6) 77 (79.4) 1    
Eating raw fruit
 Yes 74 (24.3) 231 (75.7) 8.8 (1.5, 13.6) 0.033 3.30 (1.2, 6.3) 0.011*
 No 18 (26.9) 49 (73.1) 1   1  
Close contact with pet animals
 Yes 56 (30) 131 (70) 1.77 (1.1, 2.8) 0.022* 0.73 (0.4, 1.2) 0.223
 No 36 (19.5) 149 (80.5) 1   1  
Eating soil
 Yes 19 (29.7) 45 (70.3) 1    
 No 73 (23.7) 235 (76.3) 1.36 (0.8, 2.5) 0.343   
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. *Statistically significant P values