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Table 1 Bivariate analysis of socioeconomic and behavioral factors with patient delay in TB diagnosis

From: Patient delay in seeking tuberculosis diagnosis and associated factors in Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Variable Value Number (%) Delay ≤ 21 days n (%) Delay > 21 days n (%) Crude OR (CI) P value
Age < 19 32 (8.1) 9 (28.1) 23 (71.9) 2.31 (1.06–4.97) 0.49
19–35 226 (57.2) 96 (42.5) 130 (57.5) 1.22 (0.94–1.59)
35–45a 76 (19.2) 36 (47.4) 40 (52.6) 1.00
> 45 61 (15.4) 24 (39.3) 37 (60.7) 1.39 (0.83–2.32)
Sex Malea 224 (56.7) 92 (41.1) 132 (58.9) 1.00 0.75
Female 171 (43.3) 73 (42.7) 98 (57.3) 1.07 (0.82–1.40).l
Education Uneducated 128 (32.4) 69 (53.9) 59 (46.1) 0.98 (0.69–1.38) 0.88
Can read and write 116 (29.4) 76 (65.5) 40 (34.5) 1.58 (1.08–2.32)
Primary school 118 (29.9) 67 (56.8%) 41 (43.2) 1.09 (0.76–1.58)
Secondary and abovea 33 (8.3) 18 (54.5) 15 (45.5) 1.00
Occupation Unemployed 30 (7.6) 13 (43.3) 17 (56.7) 10.08 (4.85–20.69) 0.001*
Government employeea 36 (9.1) 32 (88.9) 4 (11.1%) 1.00
Farmer 110 (27.8) 40 (36.4) 70 (63.6) 13.46 (9.15–19.85)
Private worker 51 (12.9) 26 (51.0) 25 (49.0) 7.38 (4.31–12.77)
Student 57 (14.4) 18 (31.6) 39 (68.4) 16.69 (9.54–29.15)
House wife 105 (26.6) 33 (31.4) 72 (68.6) 16.77 (11.15–25.31)
Daily laborer 6 (1.5) 3 (50.0) 3 (50.0) 7.69 (1.54–38.08)
Religion Orthodox 50 (12.6) 30 (60.0) 20 (40.0) 1.56 (0.88–2.72) 0.09*
Catholic 27 (6.9) 10 (37.0) 17 (63.0) 3.95 (1.81–8.63)
Protestant 261 (66.1) 85 (32.6) 176 (67.4) 4.81 (3.26–6.23)
Muslima 57 (14.4) 40 (70.2) 17 (29.8) 1.00
Residence Urban 142 (36.0) 41 (28.9) 101 (71.1) 2.36 (1.64–3.40) 0.0001*
Rurala 253 (64.0) 124 (49.0) 129 (51.0) 1.00
Monthly income < 100 EB 78 (19.7) 19 (24.4) 59 (75.6) 3.38 (2.01–5.66) 0.0001*
100–500 EB 223 (56.5) 97 (43.5) 126 (56.5) 1.41 (1.08–1.84)
> 500 EBa 94 (23.8) 49 (52.1) 45 (47.9) 1.00
Distance from HF ≤ 5 kma 300 (75.9) 133 (44.3) 167 (55.7) 1.00 0.07*
> 5 km 95 (24.1) 32 (43.7) 63 (66.3) 1.57 (1.03–2.41)
Knowledge about TB transmission Gooda 356 (90.1) 142 (39.9) 214 (60.1) 1.00 0.02*
Poor 39 (9.9) 23 (59.0) 16 (41.0) 0.46 (0.25–0.88)
Knowledge about TB symptoms Gooda 317 (80.2) 132 (41.6) 185 (58.4) 1.00 0.91
Poor 78 (19.8) 33 (42.3) 45 (57.7) 1.04 (0.71–1.54)
Belief in the curability of TB No 25 (6.3) 18 (72.0) 7 (28.0) 0.26 (0.11–0.61) 0.003*
Yesa 370 (93.7) 147 (39.7) 223 (60.3) 1.00
Comfort with DOTS service No 105 (26.6) 36 (34.3) 69 (65.7) 1.54 (1.02–2.30) 0.06*
Yesa 290 (73.4) 129 (44.5) 161 (55.5) 1.00
  1. * Statistically significant when P < 0.2
  2. aReference category