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Table 2 Univariable analysis of non-host related risk factors to the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection

From: Cryptosporidium infection in bovine calves: prevalence and potential risk factors in northwest Ethiopia

Potential risk factors No. animals No. +ve animals Prevalence (95% CI) OR (95% CI) P value
Study site
 Urban 149 22 14.8 (10–21.4) 1  
 Peri-urban 211 45 21.3 (16.3–27.3) 1.57 (0.89–2.74) 0.117
Feed source
 Pasture alone 151 18 11.9 (7.7–18.1) 1  
 Milk + pasture 209 49 23.4 (18.2–29.6) 2.26 (1.26–4.07) 0.006
Water source
 Pipe 165 18 10.91 (7.0–16.6) 1  
 River 195 49 25.13 (19.6–31.7) 2.74 (1.52–4.93) 0.001
Hygienic status
 Good 296 45 15.2 (11.6–19.7) 1  
 Poor 64 22 34.4 (23.9–46.6) 2.92 (1.6–5.35) 0.001
Faecal consistency
 Normal 298 45 15.1 (11.5–19.6) 1  
 Diarrhoeic 62 22 35.5 (24.7–47.9) 3.09 (1.68–5.69) 0.001
Contact with domestic animals
 No 64 6 9.4 (4.4–18.9) 1  
 Yes 296 61 20.6 (16.4–25.6) 2.51 (1.03–6.09) 0.042
Overall prevalence 360 67 18.6 (14.9–23)