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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis for physicians’ preference in ordering culture among patients with systemic bacterial infections in the internal medicine wards of TASH TASH in 2014, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

From: Physicians’ utilization of microbiologic reports and determinants of their preference to order culture in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variable Culture ordered COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
No Yes
Sex of patient
 Female 176 (92.1) 15 (7.9) 1.00 1.00
 Male 148 (83.1) 30 (16.9) 2.4 (1.2, 4.6)** 2.0 (.98, 4.2)
Length of stay
 ≤ 14 181 (94.8) 10 (5.2) 1.00 1.00
 > 14 143 (80.3) 35 (19.7) 4.4 (2.1, 9.3)*** 2.9 (1.2, 6.7)**
On admission HIV infection
 Present 274 (86.2) 44 (13.8) 1.00 1.00
 Absent 50 (98.0) 1 (2.0) 0.1 (0.02, 0.9)* 0.1 (0.02, 0.98)*
Febrile neutropenia
 Present 289 (89.2) 35 (10.8) 1.00 1.00
 Absent 35 (77.8) 10 (22.2) 2.4 (1.1, 5.2)* 1.5 (0.6, 3.5)
Pleural effusion empyema
 Present 320 (88.4) 42 (11.6) 1.00 1.00
 Absent 4 (57.1) 3 (42.9) 5.7 (1.2, 26.4)* 4.4 (0.6, 31.1)
Senior consultation
 No 317 (88.5) 41 (11.5) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 7 (63.6) 4 (36.4) 4.4 (1.2, 15.8)* 4.1 (1.1. 17.7)*
Clinical deterioration
 Present 311 (89.1) 38 (10.9) 1.00 1.00
 Absent 13 (65.0) 7 (35.0) 4.4 (1.7, 11.7)** 2.7 (0.9, 7.8)
Suspicion of new site infection
 Present 296 (90.2) 32 (9.8) 1.00 1.00
 Absent 28 (68.3) 13 (31.7) 4.3 (2.0, 9.1)*** 2.6 (1.1, 6.2)*
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. * P ≤ 0.05; ** P ≤ 0.01; *** P ≤ 0.001