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Table 3 Predictors of self-care behavior among patients with diabetes at FHRH, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 416)

From: Self-care practices and associated factors among diabetes patients attending the outpatient department in Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia

Variable Self-care practice(n) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Poor Good
Social support
 Strong 38 31 1 1
 Moderate 97 41 0.52 (0.29, 0.94) 0.50 (0.25, 1.02)
 Poor 163 46 0.35 (0.19, 0.62) 0.29 (0.15, 0.59)a
Educational
 Can’t read and write 109 24 0.54 (0.28, 1.02) 1.21 (0.46, 3.16)
 Read and write 53 17 0.78 (0.38, 1.60) 1.60 (0.61, 4.23)
 Primary school 41 31 1.85 (0.96, 3.57) 4.82 (1.88, 12.35)a
 Secondary school 34 21 1.51 (0.74, 3.08) 3.08 (1.26, 7.53)a
 College/University 61 25 1 1
Marital status
 Widowed 18 10 1.27 (0.56, 2.88) 4.05 (1.42, 11.58)a
 Divorced 9 6 1.53 (0.53, 4.44) 1.86 (0.47, 7.39)
 Single 98 26 0.61 (0.37, 1.02) 0.95 (0.49, 1.86)
 Married 174 76 1 1
Occupational
 Civil servant 60 32 1 1
 Farmer 89 20 0.42 (0.22, 0.80) 0.50 (0.19, 1.32)
 Private worker 32 20 1.17 (0.57, 2.37) 0.95 (0.38, 2.34)
 Merchant 50 26 0.97 (0.51, 1.84) 0.85 (0.36, 2.00)
 House wife 47 12 0.48 (0.22, 1.03) 0.34 (0.13, 0.89)a
 Othersb 20 8 0.75 (0.29, 1.89) 0.55 (0.16, 1.82)
Income
 Very poor 73 10 0.25 (0.11, 0.56) 0.27 (0.12, 0.69)a
 Poor 63 23 0.66 (0.34, 1.29) 0.77 (0.36, 1.68)
 Middle 58 27 0.84 (0.44, 1.62) 0.96 (0.43, 2.10)
 Rich 53 30 1.03 (0.54, 1.96) 1.13 (0.53, 2.42)
 Very rich 51 28 1 1
Taking both oral and insulin
 Yes 16 282 2.77 (1.33, 5.73) 2.72 (1.01, 7.40)a
 No 16 102 1 1
Taking other medication
 Yes 42 256 2.37 (1.41, 3.97) 2.87 (1.43, 5.76)
 No 32 85 1 1
  1. aStatically significant; COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odd ratio
  2. bRetires and students