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Table 3 Association between some selected variables and pressure ulcer at DRH, Northeast Ethiopia, 2016 G.C (N = 355)

From: Prevalence and risk factors of pressure ulcer in hospitalized adult patients; a single center study from Ethiopia

Variable Pressure ulcer COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) Remark
No Yes
Length of stay (days)
 ≤ 6 145 (96.7%) 5 (3.3%) 1 1  
 7–20 143 (82.7%) 30 (17.3%) 6.1 (2.3, 16)* 8.44 (2.1, 34)**
 ≥ 21 8 (33.3%) 16 (66.7%) 58 (16.9, 198)* 7 (10, 52)**
Pressure relieving device
 Yes 49 (96.1%) 2 (3.9%) 1   
 No 253 (83.2%) 51 (16.8%) 4.94 (1.16, 20)
Use of medical device
 Yes 78 (75.5%) 25 (24.3%) 2.6 (1.4, 4.66)   
 No 229 (88.9%) 28 (11.1%) 1
Chronic illness
 Yes 72 (72%) 28 (28%) 3.58 (1.4, 4.66)* 2.66 (0.78, 9)  
 No 230 (90.2%) 25 (9.8%) 1
Change position
 Yes 203 (97.1%) 6 (2.9%) 1 1  
 No 99 (67.8%) 47 (32.2%) 16 (6.64, 38.8)* 10.42 (2.9, 37)**
Sensory perception
 Completely limited 49 (66.2%) 25 (33.8%) 27.7 (8, 95.7) 1.85 (0.35, 9.8)  
 Very limited 40 (65.6%) 21 (34.4%) 28.5 (8, 100) 1.57 (0.24, 10.4)
 Slightly limited 50 (92.6%) 4 (7.4%) 4.4 (0.94, 20.8) 0.63 (0.47, 8.25)
 No impairment 163 (98.2%) 3 (1.8%) 1 1
Moisture
 Constantly moist 25 (52.2%) 23 (47.8%) 22.6 (9.16, 56) 2.81 (0.55, 15)  
 Very moist 21(56.8%) 17 (44.7%) 19.9 (7.7, 51.7) 4.5 (0.82, 25).
 Occasionally moist 59 (96.1%) 5 (7.8%) 2.12 (0.66, 6.6) 0.7 (0.09, 5.3)
 Rarely moist 197 (95.6%) 8 (3.9%) 1 1
Activity
 Bed fast 28 (46.7%) 32 (53.3%) 26.28 (10.6, 65)* 7.58 (1.7, 32)**  
 Chair fast 28 (70%) 12 (30%) 9.86 (3.6, 27.2)* 11 (2, 61)**
 Walks occasionally 85 (97.7%) 2 (2.3%) 0.54 (0.11, 2.66)* 0.42 (0.043, 4.1)
 Walks frequently 161 (995.6%) 7 (4.2%) 1 1
Friction/shear
 Problem 17 (28.8%) 42 (7127% 86.06 (32, 231) 16.4 (4.4, 61)**  
 Potential problem 76 (93.8%) 5 (6.2%) 2.29 (0.68, 7.7) 11 (0.2, 5.6)
 No apparent problem 209 (97.2%) 6 (2.8%) 1 1
  1. The main objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of pressure ulcer and its risk factors among adult hospitalized patients at Dessie Referral Hospital Northeast Ethiopia, 2016 G.C Hospital
  2. Strongly associated variables are in italic
  3. COR crude odd ratio, AOR adjusted odd ratio, DRH Dessie Referral, GC Gregorian calendar
  4. ** p-value ≤ 0.05, * p-value ≤ 0.20 in binary logistic regression
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