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Table 1 Cardio-vascular risk factors among newly arrived Eritrean refugees in Switzerland

From: Cardiovascular diseases risk factors among recently arrived Eritrean refugees in Switzerland

Measures Variable (unit) Categories N (%) Median (IQR)
Age Age (years)   107 (100.0) 25 20–28
Smoking Smoking Non-smoker 83 (77.6) NA NA
Ex-smoker 4 (3.7) NA NA
Smoker 20 (18.7) NA NA
Body mass index BMI (kg/m2) Over all 107 (100.0) 21.2 19.4–23.1
< 18.5 15 (14.0) 17.1 16.8–18.2
≥ 18.5 and ≤ 24.9 83 (77.6) 21.7 20.1–22.9
≥ 25.0 9 (8.6) 27.2 26.5–28.1
Blood pressure SBP (mmHg) Over all 117 109–122
< 120 67 (62.6) 112 103–116
≥ 120 and ≤ 139 39 (36.4) 123 121–129
≥ 140 1 (0.9) 140 NA
DBP (mmHg) Over all 70 64–77
< 80 93 (86.9) 68 63–73
≥ 80 and ≤ 89 13 (12.1) 83 81–87
≥ 90 1 (0.9) 99 NA
Glycated hemoglobin HbA1c (%) Over all 5.0 4.8–5.2
< 5.6 99 (92.5) 4.9 4.7–5.1
≥ 5.6 and < 6.5 7 (6.5) 5.7 5.7–5.9
≥ 6.5 1 (0.9) 6.6 NA
Lipid panel TC (mmol/L)  Over all 3.9 3.3–4.5
< 5.16 99 (92.5) 3.8 3.1–4.2
≥ 5.16 and < 6.20 5 (4.7) 5.6 5.4–5.7
≥ 6.20 3 (2.8) 6.8 6.5–6.8
LDL (mmol/L)  Over all 2.2 1.8-2.7
< 3.35 100 (93.5) 2.1 1.5–2.5
≥ 3.35 and < 4.10 5 (4.7) 3.5 3.5–3.7
≥ 4.10 2 (1.9) 4.6 4.4–4.9
HDL (mmol/L)  Over all 1.2 1.0–1.4
< 3.0 107 (100.0) 1.1 1.0–1.4
≥ 3.0 0 (0.0) NA NA
Triglycerides (mmol/L) Over all 0.9 0.7–1.3
< 2.26 104 (97.2) 1.0 0.7–1.2
≥ 2.26 and < 4.50 3 (2.8) 2.9 2.4–3.1
≥ 4.50 0 (0.0) NA NA
TC to HDL ratio < 3.0 45 (42.1) 2.5 2.1–2.7
≥ 3.0 62 (57.9) 3.6 3.3–4.3
  1. IQR interquartile range, NA not applicable