Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Trend of lipid panel change at base-line and 1 year follow-up among recently migrated Eritrean refugees to Switzerland

From: Cardiovascular diseases risk factors among recently arrived Eritrean refugees in Switzerland

Parameters Categories Base-line Follow-up N = 48
N (%) Median (IQR) N (%) Median (IQR) Statistics
BMI
 Body mass index (kg/m2) Over all 48 (100.0) 21.7 19.2–23.1 48 (100.0) 22.2 19.2–23.1 t(47) = − 2.56; p = 0.01
< 18.5 7 (14.6) 17.5 16.3–18.3 5 (10.4) 17.5 16.8–18.2  
≥ 18.5 and ≤ 24.9 34 (70.8) 21.7 20.1–22.6 36 (75.0) 22.0 21.0–23.1  
≥ 25.0 7 (14.6) 27.2 26.5–28.3 7 (14.6) 27.9 25.6–28.3  
Blood pressure
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) Over all 48 (100.0) 115.2 108.5–120.5 48 (100.0) 112.5 108.5–120.0 t(47) = 1.15; p = 0.26
< 120 32 (66.7) 112.0 104.0–115.5 35 (72.9) 111.0 106.0–114.0  
≥ 120 and ≤ 139 16 (33.3) 124.5 120.5–130.5 13 (27.1) 124.0 123.0–126.0  
≥ 140 0    0    
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) Over all 48 (100.0) 71.0 64.0–77.0 48 (100.0) 68 63.0–72.5 t(47) = 1.43; p = 0.16
< 80 46 (95.8) 70.5 64.0–76.0 45 (93.8) 66 63.0–71.0  
≥ 80 and ≤ 89 2 (4.2) 83.5 80.0–87.0 3 (6.2) 81 81.0–84.0  
≥ 90 0    0    
HbA1c
 Glycated hemoglobin (%) Over all 48 (100.0) 5.0 4.8–5.1 48 (100.0) 5.0 5.0–5.2 t(47) = − 3.44; p = 0.001
< 5.6 45 (93.8) 5.0 4.8–5.1 45 (93.8) 5.0 5.0–5.2  
≥ 5.6 and < 6.5 3 (6.2) 5.7 5.6–5.8 3 (6.2) 5.8 5.7–6.1  
≥ 6.5 0    0    
Cholesterol
 Total Cholesterol [TC] (mmol/L) Over all 48 (100.0) 4.0 3.3–4.6 48 (100.0) 4.0 3.4–4.6 t(47) = 0.80; p = 0.43
<5.16 42 (87.5) 3.9 3.2–4.4 43 (89.6) 3.9 3.3–4.3  
≥ 5.16 and < 6.20 4 (8.3) 5.5 5.4–5.8 5 (10.4) 5.4 5.3–5.4  
≥ 6.20 2 (4.2) 6.7 6.5–6.8 0    
 Low density lipoprotein [LDL] (mmol/L) Over all 48 (100.0) 2.3 1.8–3.0 48 (100.0) 2.2 1.7–2.5 t(47) = 1.94; p = 0.06
< 3.35 43 (89.6) 2.1 1.7–2.5 45 (93.8) 2.1 1.6–2.4  
≥ 3.35 and < 4.10 4 (8.3) 3.5 3.5–3.7 3 (6.2) 3.9 3.5–3.9  
≥ 4.10 1 (2.1) 4.4 NA 0    
 High density lipoprotein [HDL] (mmol/L) Over all 48 (100.0) 1.2 1.0–1.5 48 (100.0) 1.3 1.1–1.4 t(47) = 0.11; p = 0.92
< 3.0 48 (100.0) 1.2 1.0–1.5 48 (100.0) 1.3 1.1–1.4  
≥ 3.0 0    0    
 Triglycerides (mmol/L) Over all 48 (100.0) 1.0 0.8–1.4 48 (100.0) 1.0 0.8–1.4 t(47) = − 1.59; p = 0.12
< 2.26 48 (100.0) 1.0 0.8–1.4 43 (89.6) 1.0 0.8–1.2  
≥ 2.26 and < 4.50 0    4 (8.3) 2.6 2.3–3.0  
≥ 4.50 0    1 (2.1) 5.3 NA  
 TC to HDL ratio Over all 48 (100.0) 3.2 2.8–3.8 48 (100.0) 3.0 2.8–3.7 t(47) = 1.08; p = 0.29
< 3.0 18 (37.5) 2.6 2.4–2.9 21 (43.8) 2.8 2.5–2.9  
≥ 3.0 30 (62.5) 3.7 3.2–4.4 27 (56.2) 3.5 3.2–4.2  
  1. IQR interquartile range, NA not applicable