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Table 3 Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practices

From: Exclusive breastfeeding practices and associated factors among lactating mothers of infants aged 6–24 months in the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana

Variable Exp(B) 95% CI for EXP(B) P value
Lower Upper
Mother’s age (years)     
 Below 29 years (ref.) 1.00    
 30–49 years 1.948 1.146 3.310 0.014
Step 1
 Marital status
  Married (ref) 1.00    
  Single 1.997 0.822 4.853 0.127
 Education
  None (ref) 1.00    
  Basic 0.441 0.129 1.509 0.192
  Secondary 0.526 0.155 1.786 0.303
  Tertiary 0.385 0.110 1.350 0.136
 Religion
  Christianity (ref) 1.00    
  Muslim 1.550 0.753 3.190 0.234
  Traditionalist 0.93 0.520 1.75. 0.999
 Employment status
  Employed (ref) 1.00    
  Unemployed 1.202 0.557 2.593 0.039
 Parity (number of delivery)
  1–2(ref) 1.00    
  3–4 0.492 0.274 0.886 0.018
  5 or more 1.268 0.662 2.431 0.474
 Child’s gender
  Male (ref). 1.00    
  Female 1.265 0.758 2.113 0.368
 Child’s age
  6–11 months (ref) 1.00    
  12–17 months 1.991 1.158 3.422 0.113
  18–24 months 1.537 0.871 3.704 0.106
 Mode of delivery
  Surgical operation (ref.) 1.00    
  Normal delivery 1.824 0.863 2.467 0.011
 Income (GHS)
  Less than 500 Cedis (ref) 1.00    
  500 cedis or more 0.699 0.399 1.224 0.210
 Past illness (3 months) 1.00    
  Yes (ref) 1.00    
  No 1.418 0.821 2.450 0.210
 Disability status
  Yes (ref) 1.00    
  No 0.938 0.508 1.732 0.838
 Sore nipple
  Yes (ref) 1.00    
  No 1.890 1.534 3.483 0.002
 Non-communicable diseases
  Yes (ref) 1.00    
  No 0.509 0.227 1.132 0.270
  1. Italic values indicate significance of P value (P < 0.05)