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Table 2 Major themes and sub-themes identified from semi-structured interviews of young adolescents (12–13 years-old) that explored their experiences, and attitudes and behaviours towards sun protection

From: Sun-health behaviours and attitudes towards sun safety amongst Australian teenagers: a qualitative update

Themes Sub-themes
1. Personal sun health considerations 1.1 Typical activities included: going to the beach (n = 5; 4 female, 1 male); parks (n = 3)a; pool parties (n = 1); playing with pets (n = 1)
1.2 Checking the weather (using weather application on smartphone, asking parents, television weather report) (n = 7; 6 female, 1 male)
1.3 Sun protective behaviours included: applying sunscreen (n = 10); seeking shade (n = 5)
2. Attitudes towards sun protection 2.1 General attitudes (females were motivated (n = 6 of 6), males were indifferent (n = 3 of 4))
2.2 Hats (recognised as a means of sun protection (n = 9); not trendy (n = 3))
2.3 Influences (school environment (n = 7), community and school sports (n = 3), parents (n = 8))
3. Recommendations 3.1 Knowledge gaps (UV Index and implications for sun protection (n = 6); sun protection factor (SPF) (n = 2); benefits of sun exposure, including vitamin D (n = 1))
3.2 Online tool input (consequences of excessive sun exposure, including anecdotal stories (n = 6); information regarding the UV Index and appropriate use of sunscreen (n = 6); mini-games or quizzes to improve knowledge (n = 2))
  1. an = number of participants who provided data for each sub-theme