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Infectious Diseases

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Tuberculosis is common, can involve various organs of the body and may have diverse presentations. Haemophagocytic syndrome is one of the rare presentations of tuberculosis carrying a very high mortality. Earl...

    Authors: Wasim Md. Mohosin Ul Haque, Md. Erfanur Rahman Shuvo, Muhammad Abdur Rahim, Palash Mitra, Tabassum Samad and Jalaluddin Ashraful Haque

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:110

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is one of the preferred tools used for control of malaria in many settings in the world. However, this control tool still faces challenges that include lack of long lasting activ...

    Authors: Eliningaya J. Kweka, Ming-Chieh Lee, Beda J. Mwang’onde, Filemoni Tenu, Stephen Munga, Epiphania E. Kimaro and Yousif E. Himeidan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:92

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Optimal HIV treatment monitoring remains a big challenge in resource limited settings. Guidelines recommend the use of clinical and immunological criteria in resource limited settings due to unavailability of ...

    Authors: Daniel W. Gunda, Benson R. Kidenya, Stephen E. Mshana, Semvua B. Kilonzo and Bonaventura C. T. Mpondo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:45

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Measles caused by a paramyxovirus, characterized by fever, malaise, cough, coryza conjunctivitis, a maculopapular rash is known to result in pneumonia, encephalitis and death. Fatal cases of measles in Sri Lan...

    Authors: Ranjan Premaratna, Nathasha Luke, Harsha Perera, Mahesh Gunathilake, Pubudu Amarasena and T. G. A. Nilmini Chandrasena

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:38

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  5. Content type: Case Report

    Pyomyositis is typically caused by Staphylococcus aureus, and is rare in temperate climates, although its prevalence has been recently increasing. This infection often involves the thigh, and is associated with i...

    Authors: Kensuke Minami, Tsuneaki Kenzaka, Ayako Kumabe and Masami Matsumura

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:33

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    The intestinal carriage of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is associated with disease, especially in severely immunocompromised individuals. These organisms, although often considered contaminants, have been...

    Authors: Gershom Chongwe, Charles Michelo and Paul Kelly

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:27

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The feeding habits and close physical contact between Ethiopian farmers and their cattle promote the transmission of tuberculosis (TB) between the farmers and their cattle. This study aimed to investigate the ...

    Authors: Anwar Nuru, Gezahegne Mamo, Aboma Zewude, Yitayal Mulat, Gashaw Yitayew, Aschalew Admasu, Girmay Medhin, Rembert Pieper and Gobena Ameni

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:31

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  8. Content type: Case Report

    Among the different serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae, serotype 3 has received global attention. We report the fatal case of a 76-year-old Japanese man who had an invasive pneumococcal disease associated with...

    Authors: Naomi Sugimoto, Yuka Yamagishi, Jun Hirai, Daisuke Sakanashi, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Naoya Nishiyama, Yusuke Koizumi and Hiroshige Mikamo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2017 10:21

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  9. Content type: Short report

    Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) worldwide and is a risk factor for the acquisition and transmission of other STIs, including HIV. We determined t...

    Authors: Brodie Daniels, Handan Wand and Gita Ramjee

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:510

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  10. Content type: Research article

    We conducted a study to assess the frequency and distribution patterns of selected opportunistic infections (OIs) and opportunistic cancers (OCs) in different geographical areas before and after HAART in Uganda.

    Authors: John Rubaihayo, Nazarius M. Tumwesigye, Joseph Konde-Lule, Henry Wamani, Edith Nakku-Joloba and Fredrick Makumbi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:501

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  11. Content type: Case Report

    Amebic liver abscess is a rare disease in high-income countries. Recurrence of amebic liver abscess is even rarer with only a few previous reports. Here we present a patient who developed three subsequent ameb...

    Authors: D. Creemers-Schild, P. J. J. van Genderen, L. G. Visser, J. J. van Hellemond and P. J. Wismans

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:472

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Cholera, one of the world’s deadliest infectious diseases, remains rampant and frequent in Tanzania and thus hinders existing control measures. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the occurrence of to...

    Authors: Yaovi M. G. Hounmanou, Robinson H. Mdegela, Tamègnon V. Dougnon, Ofred J. Mhongole, Edward S. Mayila, Joseph Malakalinga, George Makingi and Anders Dalsgaard

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:466

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Recent guidelines have recommended vancomycin trough levels of 15–20 mg/L for treatment of serious infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). However, high trough levels may increase...

    Authors: Sasima Tongsai and Pornpan Koomanachai

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:455

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a bacterium responsible for one of the classic sexually transmitted infection (STI) gonorrhea. Antibiotic resistant strains are emerging at alarming rate. Mult...

    Authors: Seada Ali, Tsegaye Sewunet, Zewdineh Sahlemariam and Gebre Kibru

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:439

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  15. Content type: Case report

    In contrast to percutaneous atrial septal occluder device, surgical patch closure of atrial defects was known to be no infective endocarditis risk.

    Authors: Estelle Honnorat, Piseth Seng, Alberto Riberi, Gilbert Habib and Andreas Stein

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:416

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the health setting is a global public health problem. The risk of occupational exposure to HBV among health care workers is a major concern, especially among students in he...

    Authors: Abdnur Abdela, Berhanu Woldu, Kassahun Haile, Biniam Mathewos and Tekalign Deressa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:410

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Toxoplasmosis is a widely distributed zoonotic disease, caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. T. Infections can result in stillbirths, abortions or congenital defects during pregnancy, as well as to...

    Authors: Elvis Chongsi Wam, Leonard Fonkeng Sama, Innocent Mbulli Ali, Walter Akoh Ebile, Lucy Agyingi Aghangu and Christopher Bonglavnyuy Tume

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:406

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  18. Content type: Case Report

    Cerebral malaria is arguably one of the most common non-traumatic encephalopathies in the developing world. Unless the diagnosis of cerebral malaria is made promptly, the consequence could be disastrous. Even ...

    Authors: Meththananda Herath Herath Mudiyanselage, Nayani Prasangika Weerasinghe, Kithsiri Pathirana and Hasini Dias

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:400

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  19. Content type: Case Report

    Cardiac complications constitute a rare clinical manifestation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. This virus is usually asymptomatic in immunocompetent individuals. We report a case of myocarditis and cardiac...

    Authors: Moacyr Magno Palmeira, Hellen Yuki Umemura Ribeiro, Yan Garcia Lira, Fernando Octávio Machado Jucá Neto, Ivone Aline da Silva Rodrigues, Letícia Nazareth Fernandes da Paz and Maria da Conceição Nascimento Pinheiro

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:391

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The response of HIV patients to antiretroviral therapy could be measured by its strong predictor, the CD4+ T cell (CD4) count for the initiation of antiretroviral therapy and proper management of disease progr...

    Authors: Lemma Derseh Gezie

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:377

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Patients facing tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection receive particular care. Despite efforts in the care, misconceptions about TB and HIV still heavily impact patients, their fam...

    Authors: Ziemlé Clément Méda, Télesphore Somé, Issiaka Sombié, Daouda Maré, Donald E. Morisky and Yi-Ming Arthur Chen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:373

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  22. Content type: Case Report

    Melioidosis is an emerging infectious disease in Sri Lanka. This disease usually develops in a host with an immunocompromised state. Acute pulmonary melioidosis commonly presents as a lobar consolidation with ...

    Authors: Chathuranga Lakmal Fonseka, Sampath Rukshani Galappaththi, Anuradha Illagatilaka, Dulani Dasanayake and Nirmali Tissera

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:360

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  23. Content type: Short Report

    Human brucellosis cases are still reported each year in Sweden despite eradication of the disease in animals. Epidemiological investigation has never been conducted to trace back the source of human infection ...

    Authors: Giuliano Garofolo, Antonio Fasanella, Elisabetta Di Giannatale, Ilenia Platone, Lorena Sacchini, Tiziana Persiani, Talar Boskani, Kristina Rizzardi and Tara Wahab

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:277

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  24. Content type: Case Report

    Neurological manifestations in dengue fever occur in <1 % of the patients and known to be due to multisystem dysfunction secondary to vascular leakage. Occurrence of wide spread cerebral haemorrhages with subd...

    Authors: Nayomi Shermila Jayasinghe, Eranga Thalagala, Milanka Wattegama and Kanapathipillai Thirumavalavan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:265

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  25. Content type: Short Report

    Otitis media with effusion (OME) causes significant morbidity in children, but the causes of OME and methods for prevention are unclear. To look for potential infectious etiologies, we performed a pilot study ...

    Authors: Robert Slinger, Melanie Duval, Jonathan Langill, Matthew Bromwich, Johnna MacCormick, Francis Chan and Jean-Philippe Vaccani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:247

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    As part of malaria characterization study in the South-Tongu district of Ghana, the current study was conducted to explore relationships between malaria, schistosomiasis, soil transmitted helminths and malnutr...

    Authors: Patrick Ferdinand Ayeh-Kumi, Kantanka Addo-Osafo, Simon Kwaku Attah, Patience Borkor Tetteh-Quarcoo, Noah Obeng-Nkrumah, Georgina Awuah-Mensah, Harriet Naa Afia Abbey, Akua Forson, Momodou Cham, Listowell Asare, Kwabena Obeng Duedu and Richard Harry Asmah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:242

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  27. Content type: Case Report

    Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is potentially fatal infectious complication in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during immunosuppressive therapy. Hospital survival due t...

    Authors: Takeshi Kuroda, Hiroyuki Takeuchi, Yukiko Nozawa, Hiroe Sato, Takeshi Nakatsue, Yoko Wada, Hiroshi Moriyama, Masaaki Nakano and Ichiei Narita

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:240

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health concern contributing to increased morbidity and mortality particularly in low-income countries. Studies on commensal bacteria are important as they reflect th...

    Authors: Christine F. Najjuka, David P. Kateete, Henry M. Kajumbula, Moses L. Joloba and Sabiha Y. Essack

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:235

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  29. Content type: Technical Note

    Bacterial infections are a common clinical problem in both acute and chronic wounds. With growing concerns over antibiotic resistance, treatment of bacterial infections should only occur after positive diagnos...

    Authors: Sandra C. Becerra, Daniel C. Roy, Carlos J. Sanchez, Robert J. Christy and David M. Burmeister

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:216

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  30. Content type: Short Report

    People concentrated in congregated systems such as prisons, are important but often neglected reservoirs for tuberculosis transmission, and threaten those in the outside community. The condition is more seriou...

    Authors: Terefe G. Fuge and Samuel Y. Ayanto

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:201

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  31. Content type: Case Report

    An increasing number of reports have documented the emergence of daptomycin-nonsusceptible Enterococcus in patients during daptomycin therapy. Even though several mechanisms for daptomycin-nonsusceptibility have ...

    Authors: Takashi Matono, Kayoko Hayakawa, Risen Hirai, Akira Tanimura, Kei Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Fujiya, Momoko Mawatari, Satoshi Kutsuna, Nozomi Takeshita, Kazuhisa Mezaki, Norio Ohmagari and Tohru Miyoshi-Akiyama

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:197

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia is one of the countries that are highly affected by dual epidemics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB). HIV infection is a known risk factor for the development of active TB an...

    Authors: Daniel Tarekegne, Muhabaw Jemal, Tadesse Atanaw, Ashenafi Ebabu, Mengistu Endris, Feleke Moges, Belay Tessema and Tekalign Deressa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:192

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Nodding syndrome (NS) is an epilepsy disorder occurring in children in South Sudan, northern Uganda and Tanzania. The etiology of NS is unknown, but epidemiological studies demonstrate an association between N...

    Authors: Robert Colebunders, Adam Hendy, John L. Mokili, Joseph Francis Wamala, Joice Kaducu, Lucia Kur, Floribert Tepage, Michel Mandro, Gisele Mucinya, Germain Mambandu, Michel Yendema Komba, Jean Louis Lumaliza, Marieke van Oijen and Anne Laudisoit

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:182

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  34. Content type: Case Report

    To report an uncommon case of hand, foot and mouth disease, (HFMD) in an immunocompetent adult; a highly infectious disease, characterized by the appearance of vesicles on the mouth, hands and feet, associated...

    Authors: Carlos Omaña-Cepeda, Andrea Martínez-Valverde, María del Mar Sabater- Recolons, Enric Jané-Salas, Antonio Marí-Roig and José López-López

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:165

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  35. Content type: Research Article

    Data regarding the influences of gender in metabolic syndrome (MetS) among patients using antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Ethiopia is scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the influences of gender in M...

    Authors: Agete Tadewos Hirigo and Demo Yemane Tesfaye

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:145

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  36. Content type: Case Report

    Anthrax is a zoonotic occupational disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, a rod-shaped immobile aerobic gram-positive bacteria with spore. Anthrax occurs in humans randomly and with low frequency. Most cases of an...

    Authors: Zohreh Azarkar and Majid Zare Bidaki

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:141

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  37. Content type: Research article

    A transfusion transmissible infection (TTI) is any infection that is transmissible from person to- person through parenteral administration of blood or blood products. The magnitude of transfusion-transmitted ...

    Authors: Yusuf Mohammed and Alemayehu Bekele

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:129

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  38. Content type: Research Article

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major health concern where about 3 % of the world’s population is infected globally. In Ethiopia the prevalence ranges from 0.9 to 1.3 % in the general populations. Human immune de...

    Authors: Ataklti Hailu Atsbaha, Tsehaye Asmelash Dejen, Rashmi Belodu, Konjit Getachew, Muthupandian Saravanan and Araya Gebreyesus Wasihun

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:121

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  39. Content type: Research article

    HBV infection annually accounts for 1 million deaths worldwide as a result of cirrhosis, liver failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. In addition to varying responses to antiviral therapy, HBV genotypes have a...

    Authors: Kukwah Anthony Tufon, Henry Dilonga Meriki, Damian Nota Anong, Herbert Afegenwi Mbunkah and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:117

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are increasingly reported worldwide associated with human disease. Defining the significance of NTM in settings with endemic tuberculosis (TB) requires the discrimination of ...

    Authors: Abubakar S. Hoza, Sayoki G. M. Mfinanga, Arne C. Rodloff, Irmgard Moser and Brigitte König

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:109

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the most common cause of sporadic encephalitis worldwide. The high mortality rate (70–80 %) of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) can be reduced to 20–30 % by antiviral therapy. Ho...

    Authors: Abhinbhen W. Saraya, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee, Sininat Petcharat, Nuntaporn Sittidetboripat, Siriporn Ghai, Henry Wilde and Thiravat Hemachudha

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:95

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  42. Content type: Research Article

    The role played by social determinants of health including social, economic, environmental and cultural factors in influencing health outcomes for many health conditions has been widely described. However, the...

    Authors: Hailay Gesesew, Birtukan Tsehaineh, Desalegn Massa, Amanuel Tesfay, Hafte Kahsay and Lillian Mwanri

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:89

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Enteric and diarrheal diseases are important causes of childhood death in the developing world. These diseases are responsible for more than 750 thousand deaths in children under 5 years old worldwide, ranking...

    Authors: Asmaa Gohar, Nourtan F. Abdeltawab, Ali Fahmy and Magdy A. Amin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:80

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  44. Content type: Technical Note

    The practice of counting bacterial colony forming units on agar plates has long been used as a method to estimate the concentration of live bacteria in culture. However, due to the laborious and potentially er...

    Authors: H. R. Frost, S. K. Tsoi, C. A. Baker, D. Laho, M. L. Sanderson-Smith, A. C. Steer and P. R. Smeesters

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:72

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae are important human pathogens. The risk of airborne and droplet-transmitted respiratory tract infections in healthcare workers (HCW)...

    Authors: Supram Hosuru Subramanya, Sangita Thapa, Sanjiv Kumar Dwedi, Shishir Gokhale, Brijesh Sathian, Niranjan Nayak and Indira Bairy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:66

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  46. Content type: Research Article

    Urinary tract infection is one of the major public health problems. Specific population studies to understand the common etiologic agents and antibiotic susceptibility patterns are important to determine the e...

    Authors: M. Adeep, T. Nima, W. Kezang and T. Tshokey

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:54

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Resistance development in human malaria parasites against commonly used antimalarial drugs has necessitated the scientific exploration of traditionally used antimalarial plants. Plant derivatives have been use...

    Authors: N. G. Das, Bipul Rabha, P. K. Talukdar, Diganta Goswami and Sunil Dhiman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:51

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  48. Content type: Research article

    MicroRNAs are regulatory molecules and suggested as non-invasive biomarkers for molecular diagnostics and prognostics. Altered expression levels of specific microRNAs are associated with hepatitis B virus infe...

    Authors: Kari Stougaard Jacobsen, Kirstine Overgaard Nielsen, Thilde Nordmann Winther, Dieter Glebe, Flemming Pociot and Birthe Hogh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2016 9:38

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