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Table 1 Characteristics of study subjects

From: Association of beta3-adrenergic receptor (ADRB3) Trp64Arg gene polymorphism with obesity and metabolic syndrome in the Balinese: a pilot study

Variables Urban Rural   Trp64 Arg64
  Total Trp64 Arg64 p (Trp64 vs Arg64) Total Trp64 Arg64 p (Trp64 vs Arg64) p (Urban vs Rural) p (Urban vs Rural) p (Urban vs Rural)
All, n 282 249 33   246 220 26     
Age (years) 46 ± 10 46 ± 10 44 ± 9 0.158 51 ± 16 50 ± 16 52 ± 15 0.716    
BMI (kg/m2) 26 ± 5 26 ± 5 26 ± 5 0.694 23 ± 5 22 ± 5 24 ± 4 0.029 2.80 × 10 -13 3.02 × 10 -12 0.0928
WC (cm) 89 ± 11 88 ± 11 90 ± 12 0.384 80 ± 11 79 ± 11 86 ± 10 0.002 < 2.20 × 10 -16 < 2.20 × 10 -16 0.1653
HDL-C (mg/dL) 50 ± 11 51 ± 11 49 ± 11 0.369 52 ± 11 52 ± 12 52 ± 9 0.773 0.0376 0.0931 0.2479
TG (mg/dL) 149 ± 90 150 ± 93 143 ± 68 0.555 130 ± 57 131 ± 59 115 ± 43 0.096 0.0028 0.0080 0.0690
SBP (mmHg) 125 ± 8 125 ± 8 126 ± 8 0.481 123 ± 18 123 ± 19 125 ± 16 0.534 0.0748 0.0667 0.6575
DBP (mm Hg) 83 ± 11 83 ± 10 85 ± 12 0.452 79 ± 11 79 ± 11 79 ± 8 0.816 1.80 × 10 -5 6.49 × 10 -5 0.0481
FPG (mg/dL) 98 ± 36 98 ± 38 91 ± 12 0.022 97 ± 14 97 ± 13 100 ± 23 0.549 0.8379 0.5456 0.0833
Male, n 178 157 21   128 113 15     
Age (years) 46 ± 11 46 ± 11 46 ± 10 0.835 49 ± 15 49 ± 16 46 ± 12 0.449    
BMI (kg/m2) 26 ± 5 26 ± 5 28 ± 5 0.281 23 ± 4 23 ± 4 24 ± 4 0.322 2.60 × 10 -11 1.04 × 10 -9 0.0220
WC (cm) 91 ± 11 91 ± 10 94 ± 12 0.259 82 ± 11 82 ± 11 86 ± 9 0.156 7.90 × 10 -12 1.01 × 10 -10 0.0274
HDL-C (mg/dL) 47 ± 10 47 ± 10 44 ± 10 0.144 49 ± 10 48 ± 10 50 ± 10 0.596 0.1169 0.3658 0.0747
TG (mg/dL) 170 ± 68 171 ± 102 161 ± 63 0.537 143 ± 59 145 ± 61 125 ± 37 0.079 0.0034 0.0099 0.0408
SBP (mmHg) 129 ± 8 129 ± 7 130 ± 8 0.518 121 ± 18 122 ± 18 118 ± 13 0.410 1.70 × 10 -5 0.0001 0.0061
DBP (mm Hg) 86 ± 11 86 ± 10 89 ± 13 0.350 78 ± 10 79 ± 11 76 ± 8 0.353 1.20 × 10 -9 3.77 × 10 -8 0.0012
FPG (mg/dL) 97 ± 27 98 ± 29 89 ± 8 0.001 97 ± 16 97 ± 15 99 ± 25 0.773 0.9823 0.6333 0.1376
Female, n 107 94 13   118 107 11     
Age (years) 46 ± 9 46 ± 9 41 ± 8 0.039 52 ± 16 52 ± 16 59 ± 17 0.216    
BMI (kg/m2) 25 ± 5 25 ± 5 24 ± 3 0.241 22 ± 6 22 ± 6 25 ± 3 0.041 0.0005 0.0002 0.5098
WC (cm) 84 ± 10 84 ± 10 84 ± 8 0.970 78 ± 11 77 ± 11 87 ± 11 0.012 4.30 × 10 -6 6.19 × 10 -7 0.4718
HDL-C (mg/dL) 56 ± 11 56 ± 11 57 ± 9 0.947 57 ± 11 57 ± 12 55 ± 8 0.464 0.8813 0.7853 0.6156
TG (mg/dL) 116 ± 62 116 ± 62 114 ± 69 0.921 116 ± 52 117 ± 52 103 ± 50 0.383 0.9866 0.9065 0.6442
SBP (mmHg) 120 ± 6 120 ± 7 121 ± 6 0.457 125 ± 19 124 ± 19 134 ± 15 0.070 0.0050 0.0230 0.0194
DBP (mm Hg) 79 ± 9 79 ± 9 79 ± 8 0.930 80 ± 12 79 ± 13 84 ± 7 0.109 0.3407 0.5206 0.1218
FPG(mg/dL) 98 ± 46 98 ± 49 95 ± 16 0.594 97 ± 11 97 ± 10 100 ± 18 0.522 0.8036 0.7124 0.4533
  1. Urban: Legian village. Rural: Penglipuran and Pedawa villages. BMI: body mass index, WC: waist circumference, HDL-C: high density lipoprotein cholesterol, SBP: systolic blood pressure, DBP: diastolic blood pressure, FPG: fasting plasma glucose. Data are means ± SD. p -values in bold: significant. p-values were calculated using the Welch's t-test.