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  1. Content type: Research note

    Anemia is a widespread health problem among pregnant women causing maternal/infant morbidity and mortality mainly in low-income countries. Understanding of the magnitude of anemia and related socio-demographic...

    Authors: Awoke Kebede, Hadgu Gerensea, Freweyni Amare, Yared Tesfay and Girmay Teklay

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:595

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  2. Content type: Research note

    Empirical selections of antimicrobial therapy based on clinical observations are common clinical practices in Ethiopia. This study identified common external ocular infections and determined antibiotic suscept...

    Authors: Yeshambel Belyhun, Feleke Moges, Mengistu Endris, Banchamlak Asmare, Bemnet Amare, Damtew Bekele, Solomon Tesfaye, Martha Alemayehu, Fantahun Biadgelegne, Andargachew Mulu and Yared Assefa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:597

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  3. Content type: Research note

    Research shows that, depending on the route of travel during the escape, the journey presents the refugees with different health risks. Traumatic events during flight may have long-lasting physical and psychol...

    Authors: Elisabeth Mangrio, Slobodan Zdravkovic and Elisabeth Carlson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:594

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  4. Content type: Research note

    Appropriate complementary feeding is vital to reduce young child morbidity and mortality. However, it continues as sub-optimal in Ethiopia, and literatures are also scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to deter...

    Authors: Gashaw Andargie Biks, Amare Tariku, Molla Mesele Wassie and Terefe Derso

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:593

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  5. Content type: Correction

    After publication of our article [1] we became aware that we had not obtained permission to reproduce the questions from the eight-item Morisky’s Medication Adherence Scale. The table in this Correction replac...

    Authors: Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom, Tesfay Mehari Atey and Tigestu Alemu Desse

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:592

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    The original article was published in BMC Research Notes 2018 11:27

  6. Content type: Research note

    Unhealthy weight is a major global health concern. This study examines unhealthy weight among children in Spain and the role of the home environment therein. Data are from a 2010 national survey of families wi...

    Authors: Elizabeth Vaquera, Rebecca Jones, Pau Marí-Klose, Marga Marí-Klose and Solveig Argeseanu Cunningham

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:591

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  7. Content type: Case Report

    Primary hypoparathyroidism is associated with diverse variety of symptomatology of hypocalcemia including seizures and tetany. We report a case of previously undiagnosed asymptomatic primary hypoparathyroidism...

    Authors: Rakitha Higgoda, Kasun Lokuketagoda, Thuvarakan Poobalasingham, Venura Wedagedara, Dilshan Perera and Kanapathipillai Thirumavalavan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:588

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  8. Content type: Research note

    The objective of the study was to describe psychological features of abstinent heroin users undergoing rehabilitation in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Study subjects (n = 197) were recruited prospectively at the t...

    Authors: Timofey Galankin, Dmitry Lioznov, Svetlana Nikolaenko, Louise-Anne McNutt, Emily Leckman-Westin and Perry F. Smith

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:589

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  9. Content type: Research note

    Previous research indicates that attitudes to pregnancy and motherhood are influenced by social values, culture and religion. This study explores the relationship between social support and unwanted pregnancy ...

    Authors: Sadiq Naveed, Usman Ghani Lashari, Ahmed Waqas, Mariam Bhuiyan and Hafsa Meraj

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:587

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  10. Content type: Research note

    Compare the adoption and adherence to health protection behaviours prior to and during travel among international Australian travellers who return to Australia with notified chikungunya or malaria infection. T...

    Authors: Dillon Charles Adam, Chau Minh Bui, Anita Elizabeth Heywood, Mohana Kunasekaran, Mohamud Sheikh, Padmanesan Narasimhan and Chandini Raina MacIntyre

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:590

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  11. Content type: Research note

    The aim of the study was to identify the risk factors for preterm birth in public hospitals of the central zone, Tigray, Ethiopia 2017/2018.

    Authors: Girmay Teklay, Tsega Teshale, Hagos Tasew, Teklewoini Mariye, Hagos Berihu and Teklay Zeru

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:571

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  12. Content type: Research note

    When using global positioning systems (GPS) to assess an individual’s exposure to their environment, a first step in data cleaning is to establish minimum GPS ‘inclusion criteria’ (a set of rules used to deter...

    Authors: Suzanne Mavoa, Karen Lamb, David O’Sullivan, Karen Witten and Melody Smith

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:578

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  13. Content type: Research note

    To assess the knowledge and attitude regarding family planning and the practice of family planning among the women of reproductive age group in South Achefer District, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017.

    Authors: Ayele Semachew Kasa, Mulu Tarekegn and Nebyat Embiale

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:577

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  14. Content type: Research note

    The study was conducted on 313 model and 313 non model households to assess latrine utilization and factors affecting among model and non-model families.

    Authors: Gidey Gebremedhin, Desalegn Tetemke, Meresa Gebremedhin, Gizienesh Kahsay, Hiwot Zelalem, Hailay Syum and Hadgu Gerensea

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:586

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  15. Content type: Research note

    The main purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between the forefoot bone length and long sprint performance in well-trained 400-m specialized sprinters. The total lengths of the forefo...

    Authors: Daichi Tomita, Tadashi Suga, Takahiro Tanaka, Hiromasa Ueno, Yuto Miyake, Mitsuo Otsuka, Akinori Nagano and Tadao Isaka

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:583

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  16. Content type: Research note

    Forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) is a master transcriptional factor of regulatory T-cells (Tregs). Recent studies have shown that FOXP3 is associated with growth inhibition of cancer cells. However, the role of FOXP3 i...

    Authors: Satoru Yonekura, Mai Itoh, Erika Shiratori, Mika Ohtaka and Shuji Tohda

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:582

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  17. Content type: Research note

    Little has been known about the magnitude and predictors of contraceptive use in extended postpartum period in Ethiopia. Thus, this study aims to assess the magnitude and determinants of contraception utilizat...

    Authors: Takele Teshome Teka, Tesfaye Regassa Feyissa, Alemu Sufa Melka and Firew Tekle Bobo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:581

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  18. Content type: Research note

    Fine needle aspiration biospy (FNAB) is a simple, cost effective procedure, which can be carried out in the out-patient department. The objective of our study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of fine n...

    Authors: Marrium Asim, Ghazala Mudassir, Atif Ali Hashmi, Mariam Abid, Ahmareen Khalid Sheikh, Hania Naveed, Maryam Habib, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi and Amir Khan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:573

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  19. Content type: Case Report

    Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a common complication in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and can consequently lead to soft tissue infection and osteomyelitis.

    Authors: C. V. Loupa, E. Meimeti, E. Voyatzoglou, A. Donou, E. Koutsantoniou and S. Lafoyanni

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:579

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  20. Content type: Research note

    In Cameroon, tuberculosis (TB) cases are diagnosed and treated within a nationwide network of 248 diagnostic and treatment centres. In 2016, the centers notified a total of 175 multidrug-resistant (MDR-)TB cas...

    Authors: J. Noeske, A. Nana Yakam, J. L. Abena Foe, D. Nguafack and C. Kuaban

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:580

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  21. Content type: Research note

    The primary aim of this study was to assess the utilization of an insecticide-treated bed net on the preceding night and associated factors among households of Kola Diba town in 2017.

    Authors: Melaku Birhanu Alemu, Meles Addisu Asnake, Melaku Yilma Lemma, Melkitu Fentie Melak and Melaku Kindie Yenit

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:575

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  22. Content type: Research note

    Her2neu receptor is proto-oncogene which can be over-expressed in both luminal and non-luminal breast cancers. In the present study, we aimed to compare the prognostic and predictive factors like tumor grade, ...

    Authors: Atif Ali Hashmi, Raeesa Mahboob, Saadia Mehmood Khan, Muhammad Irfan, Mariam Nisar, Narisa Iftikhar, Maham Siddiqui, Naveen Faridi, Amir Khan and Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:574

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  23. Content type: Research note

    This study aims to identify determinants of hypothermia in neonates in neonatal intensive care unit of public hospitals of Central Zone Tigray, Ethiopia in 2017.

    Authors: Hagos Tasew, Kahsu Gebrekristos, Kalayu Kidanu, Teklewoini Mariye and Girmay Teklay

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:576

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  24. Content type: Research note

    Suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) are prevalent among youth with psychotic disorders (PD) relative to the general population. Recent research now suggests that STBs may present during the prodromal phase ...

    Authors: Keneisha Sinclair-McBride, Nicholas Morelli, Sahil Tembulkar, Kelsey Graber, Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich and Eugene J. D’Angelo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:568

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  25. Content type: Research note

    To improve current knowledge of coronary flow reserve and non-obstructive coronary artery disease in terms of definition, features and clinical implications of measurement of coronary flow reserve (CFR), is an...

    Authors: Henry Anselmo Mayala, Khamis Hassan Bakari, Fabian Pius Mghanga and Wang ZhaoHui

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:566

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  26. Content type: Research note

    We use Tempus blood RNA tubes (Applied Biosystems) during health assessments of American moose (Alces alces spp.) as a minimally invasive means to obtain RNA. Here we describe a novel protocol to additionally iso...

    Authors: Jason A. Ferrante, Michelle R. Giles, Emily Benzie and Margaret E. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:563

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  27. Content type: Research note

    The active place avoidance task (APA) is a behavioural task used to assess learning and memory in rodents. This task relies on the hippocampus, a region of the cerebral cortex capable of generating new neurons...

    Authors: Oressia Zalucki, Danyon Harkins, Lachlan Harris, Thomas H. J. Burne, Richard M. Gronostajski and Michael Piper

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:564

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  28. Content type: Research note

    A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2016 in Debre Markos town, Northwest Ethiopia to assess the level of household food insecurity and associated factors among pension be...

    Authors: Yawukal Chane, Getachew Hailu and Gemechu Kumera

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:561

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  29. Content type: Research note

    This meta-analysis was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy and its association with hypertension in diabetics of sub-Saharan African countries.

    Authors: Fasil Wagnew, Setegn Eshetie, Getiye Dejenu Kibret, Abriham Zegeye, Getenet Dessie, Henok Mulugeta and Amanuel Alemu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:565

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  30. Content type: Research note

    The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of late initiation of antenatal care visit and associated factors among antenatal care follow up women in Tselemte district health facilities. The data were...

    Authors: Solomon Weldemariam, Ashenafi Damte, Kedir Endris, Melba C. Palcon, Kidisti Tesfay, Almaz Berhe, Tsige Araya, Hadgay Hagos and Haftom Gebrehiwot

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:562

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  31. Content type: Research note

    The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the utility of the CFIR framework for evaluating broad-scale change by discussing the challenges to be addressed when planning the assessment of broad-scale change...

    Authors: Jennifer N. Hill, Sara M. Locatelli, Barbara G. Bokhour, Gemmae M. Fix, Jeffrey Solomon, Nora Mueller and Sherri L. LaVela

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:560

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  32. Content type: Research note

    Helicobacter pylori is a pathogenic bacterium that parasitizes the gastric mucous layer and the epithelial lining of the stomach causing duodenal ulcers, gastric ulcers and cardiovascular disease amongst others. ...

    Authors: Nathan E. Agbor, Seraphine N. Esemu, Lucy M. Ndip, Nicoline F. Tanih, Stella I. Smith and Roland N. Ndip

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:559

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  33. Content type: Research note

    Lymphoblastoid cell lines are widely used in genetic and genomic studies. Previous work has characterized variant stability in transformed culture and across culture passages. Our objective was to extend this ...

    Authors: Laura B. Scheinfeldt, Kelly Hodges, Jonathan Pevsner, Dorit Berlin, Nahid Turan and Norman P. Gerry

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:558

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  34. Content type: Research note

    There has been a global increase in the incidence and prevalence of NAFLD. We assessed the knowledge and awareness of NAFLD among gastroenterology doctors in three state sector hospitals.

    Authors: Anne Thushara Matthias, Anthony Nilesh Ranjeev Fernandopulle and Suranjith L. Seneviratne

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:556

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  35. Content type: Research note

    The objective of this study is assessing magnitude of stunting and its predictors among children aged 6–59 months in Damot Gale district, South Ethiopia. Community based cross sectional study was done at Damot...

    Authors: Lamirot Abera, Tariku Dejene and Tariku Laelago

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:557

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  36. Content type: Research note

    Plant cells detect the presence of potentially pathogenic microorganisms in the apoplast via plasma membrane-localized receptors. Activated receptors trigger phosphorylation-mediated signaling cascades that pr...

    Authors: Danalyn R. Holmes, Lauren E. Grubb and Jacqueline Monaghan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:555

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  37. Content type: Research note

    The aim of this study is to determine the magnitude of medication discrepancies and its associated factors at transitions in care of a Specialized University Hospital in eastern Ethiopia.

    Authors: Addisu Tamiru, Dumessa Edessa, Mekonnen Sisay and Getnet Mengistu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:554

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  38. Content type: Research note

    We sought to (1) measure survival lengths after the onset of the main reason for the target’s suicide, (2) identify the highest-risk groups and the contributors to early death, in Japan, and (3) clarify peculi...

    Authors: Kayako Sakisaka

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:553

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  39. Content type: Research note

    Selective breeding for desirable traits is becoming popular in aquaculture. In Miyagi prefecture, Japan, a selectively bred population of Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) has been established with the original,...

    Authors: Sho Hosoya, Kiyoshi Kikuchi, Hiroshi Nagashima, Junichi Onodera, Kouichi Sugimoto, Kou Satoh, Keisuke Matsuzaki, Masaki Yasugi, Atsushi J. Nagano, Akira Kumagayi, Kenichi Ueda and Tadahide Kurokawa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:548

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  40. Content type: Research note

    Data regarding diabetes retinopathy and associated factors are currently lacking in Ethiopia. The study aims to determine the incidence and determinants of time to diabetes retinopathy among diabetes mellitus ...

    Authors: Tabot Keskis Azeze, Malede Mequanent Sisay and Ejigu Gebeye Zeleke

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:542

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  41. Content type: Research note

    Malnutrition is a common problem in patients with liver cirrhosis and tools for nutritional assessment are under debate. We conducted this study to assess prevalence of malnutrition in cirrhotic patients using...

    Authors: Om Parkash, Wasim Jafri, S. M. Munir and Romaina Iqbal

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:545

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  42. Content type: Research note

    This cross sectional study aims to describe the body iron status, trends of serum ferritin and associations of optimal body iron control in patients aged below 16 years with transfusion dependent β-thalassaemi...

    Authors: Tharindi Suriapperuma, Ravindu Peiris, Chamila Mettananda, Anuja Premawardhena and Sachith Mettananda

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2018 11:547

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