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Table 3 Association of body composition estimated from whole-body bioimpedance and khat chewing in 385 Ethiopian adults

From: Association between body composition and khat chewing in Ethiopian adults

  Current khat chewinga Diff [95 % CI] p-value
Yes (n = 138) No (n = 247)
Weight (kg) 55.8 (10.1) 59.5 (12.0) −3.6 [−5.8, −1.4] <0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 77.7 (10.2) 83.6 (12.4) −5.9 [−8.2, −3.6] <0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 19.7 (3.0) 22.3 (4.3) −2.6 [−3.4, −1.9] <0.001
Fat mass (kg) 7.1 (5.8) 15.0 (8.6) −7.9 [−9.4, −6.4] <0.001
Fat mass index (kg/m) 4.3 (3.4) 9.2 (5.3) −5.0 [−5.9, −4.1] <0.001
Fat free mass (kg) 48.7 (8.2) 44.4 (7.1) 4.3 [2.7, 5.8] <0.001
Fat free mass index (kg/m) 28.8 (3.9) 27.1 (3.4) 1.7 [1.0, 2.4] <0.001
Trunk fat mass (kg) 3.5 (3.2) 7.3 (4.8) −3.8 [−4.6, −3.0] <0.001
  1. aValues are given as mean ± standard deviation and difference between groups was tested with independent sample t-test