Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Univariate analysis of HCV sero-prevalence by risk factors among VCT and ART clinic attendants in Adwa general hospital from September to December, 2014

From: Sero-prevalence and associated risk factors for hepatitis C virus infection among voluntary counseling testing and anti retroviral treatment clinic attendants in Adwa hospital, northern Ethiopia

Risk factors HCV-antibody χ2 p value
Positive N (%) Negative N (%) Total N (%)
Tattooing/scarification
 Yes 3 (10.0) 27 (90.0) 30 (9.9) 2.018 0.128
 No 10 (3.7) 262 (96.3) 272 (90.1)   
Unsafe injection
 Yes 2 (12.5) 14 (87.5) 16 (5.3) 1.908 0.146
 No 11 (3.8) 275 (96.2) 286 (94.7)   
Visiting traditional healers
 Yes 2 (7.7) 24 (92.3) 26 (8.6) 0.662 0.310
 No 11 (4.0) 265 (96.0) 276 (91.4)   
Hospitalization
 Yes 10 (12.8) 68 (87.2) 78 (25.8) 15.635 0.001
 No 3 (1.3) 221 (98.7) 224 (74.2)   
Tooth extraction
 Yes 4 (15.4) 22 (84.6) 26 (8.6) 5.569 0.018
 No 9 (3.3) 267 (96.7) 276 (91.4)   
Surgical operation
 Yes 2 (8.7) 21 (91.3) 23 (7.6) 0.931 0.259
 No 11 (3.9) 268 (96.1) 279 (92.4)   
Blood transfusion
 Yes 2 (25.0) 6 (75.0) 8 (2.6) 4.349 0.041
 No 11 (3.7) 283 (96.3) 294 (97.4)   
Occupational exposure to blood
 Yes 1 (8.3) 11 (91.7) 12 (4.0) 0.395 0.416
 No 12 (4.1) 278 (95.9) 290 (96.0)   
Multiple sexual partners
 Yes 4 (6.6) 57 (93.4) 61 (20.2) 0.850 0.305
 No 9 (3.7) 232 (96.3) 241 (79.8)   
STI
 Yes 3 (9.4) 29 (90.6) 32 (10.6) 1.761 0.148
 No 10 (3.7) 260 (96.3) 270 (89.4)   
Abortion
 Yes 2 (6.9) 27 (93.1) 29 (9.6) 0.815 0.301
 No 4 (3.1) 126 (96.9) 130 (90.4)