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Table 4 Comparison of psycho-social and behavioral aspects between TB and HIV patients

From: Patients infected by tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus facing their disease, their reactions to disease diagnosis and its implication about their families and communities, in Burkina Faso: a mixed focus group and cross sectional study

Items TB (n = 309) HIV (n = 553) Total (n = 862) p*
Are you afraid to transmit your disease to others?
Not at all 14 (4.5) 0 (0.0) 14 (1.6) <0.001
Neutral 53 (17.2) 92 (16.6) 145 (16.8)
A bit afraid 38 (12.3) 133 (24.1) 171 (19.8)
Very afraid 137 (44.3) 241 (43.6) 378 (43.9)
Extremely afraid 67 (21.7) 87 (15.7) 154 (17.9)
Do you (your-self) regularly use condoms (female for female and male for male)?
Never 173 (56.0) 310 (56.1) 483 (56.0) 0.003
Almost never 29 (9.4) 16 (2.9) 45 (5.2)  
Sometimes 48 (15.5) 45 (8.1) 93 (10.8)
Often 17 (5.5) 22 (4.0) 39 (4.5)
All the time 42 (13.6) 160 (28.9) 202 (23.4)
Do you fear that other persons know your disease status?
Totally disagree 75 (24.3) 106 (19.2) 181 (21.0) <0.001
Rather disagree 49 (15.9) 140 (25.3) 189 (21.9)
Neutral 69 (22.3) 199 (36.0) 268 (31.1)
Rather agree 74 (23.9) 74 (13.4) 148 (17.2)
Totally agree 42 (13.6) 34 (6.1) 76 (8.8)
Do you think that you will share your disease experience with others patients?
Totally disagree 147 (47.6) 233 (42.1) 380 (44.1) <0.001
Rather disagree 94 (30.4) 200 (36.2) 294 (34.1)
Neutral 44 (14.2) 87 (15.7) 131 (15.2)
Rather agree 21 (6.8) 8 (1.4) 29 (3.4)
Totally agree 3 (1.0) 25 (4.5) 28 (3.2)
Are you bothered because you are TB patient?
Never 74 (23.9) 51 (9.2) 125 (14.5) <0.001
Sometimes 68 (22.0) 132 (23.9) 200 (23.2)
Often 92 (29.8) 100 (18.1) 192 (22.3)  
All the time 75 (24.3) 270 (48.8) 345 (40.0)  
Are TB and HIV patients isolated by their community?
Yes 102 (33.0) 290 (52.4) 392 (45.5) <0.001
No 207 (67.0) 263 (47.6) 470 (54.5)
Are TB and HIV patients isolated by their family?
Yes 101 (32.7) 358 (64.7) 459 (53.2) <0.001
No 208 (67.3) 195 (35.3) 403 (46.8)
Are TB and HIV female patients isolated by their family?
Yes 92 (29.8) 236 (42.7) 328 (38.1) <0.001
No 217 (70.2) 317 (57.3) 534 (61.9)
Attitude index (mean ± SD) 14.0 ± 1.8 9.4 ± 4.2 11.0 ± 4.1 <0.001
Discrimination and isolation index (mean ± SD) 4.2 ± 2.1 3.8 ± 1.6 3.9 ± 1.8 0.006
Stigma (mean ± SD) 9.4 ± 2.5 6.3 ± 1.9 7.4 ± 2.6 <0.001
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. * The p values were performed based on the calculation of the Chi square test for categorical data and t test for continuous data