Skip to main content

Table 3 Suboptimal non HDLC concentrations in relation to socio-demographic and clinical characteristics at bivariable analysis

From: Dyslipidaemia in a Black African diabetic population: burden, pattern and predictors

Characteristic Non HDLC ≥ 3.4 mmol/l Non HDLC < 3.4 mmol/l OR 95% CI p value
Age, median (IQR) 56 (48–67) 53 (43–61) 1.02 (1.01–1.04) 0.001
Gender
 Male 65 (47.10) 73 (52.90) 1 <0.005
 Female 181 (65.82) 94 (34.18) 2.16 (1.43–3.28)  
Type of hospital
 Government 126 (63.32) 73 (36.68) 1 0.134
 Private 120 (56.07) 94 (43.93) 0.74 (0.50–1.10)  
Place of residence
 Rural 85 (63.43) 49 (36.57) 1 0.267
 Urban 161 (57.71) 118 (42.29) 0.79 (0.51–1.20)  
Smoking
 Smoker 6 (66.67) 3 (33.33) 1 0.662
 Non smoker 240 (59.41) 167 (40.44) 0.73 (0.18–2.97)  
Occupation
 Employed 122 (59.22) 84 (40.78) 1 0.888
 Unemployed 124 (59.90) 83 (40.10) 1.03 (0.69–1.52)  
Co-existing HT
 Yes 179 (63.25) 104 (36.75) 1 0.025
 No 67 (51.54) 63 (48.46) 0.62 (0.41–0.94)  
DM type
 Type 1 DM 16 (29.09) 39 (70.91) 1 <0.005
 Type 2 DM 227 (64.31) 126 (35.69) 4.39 (2.36–8.17)  
Family history of DM
 Yes 162 (63.04) 95 (36.96) 1 0.066
 No 84 (53.85) 72 (46.15) 0.68 (0.46–1.02)  
HIV co-morbidity
 Yes 9 (52.94) 8 (47.06) 1 0.571
 No 237 (59.85) 159 (40.15) 1.32 (0.50–3.51)  
Median age at diagnosis 53 (48–58) 46 (37–55) 1.03 (1.01–1.04) 0.001
Median (IQR) years duration with DM. 6 (1–15) 4 (2–10) 1.02 (0.99–1.05) 0.265
BMI in kg/m 2 median (IQR) 28.7 (25–34.3) 27 (23–30.6) 1.07 (1.03–1.11) <0.005
BP in mmHg, median (IQR)
 SBP 130 (120–150) 139 (124–156) 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 0.020
 DBP 70 (70–78) 80 (74–91) 1.02 (1.01–1.03) 0.008
 HbA1c (%) 9.2 (6.8–10.1) 9 (6.85–12.4) 1.00 (0.95–1.05) 0.967
Drugs
I nsulin therapy 94 (52.22) 86 (47.78) 1 0.005
 On OHA 149 (65.93) 77 (34.07) 1.77 (1.18–2.65)  
On statin therapy n (%)
 Yes 184 (56.44) 142 (43.56) 1 0.013
 No 62 (71.26) 25 (28.74) 0.52 (0.31–0.87)  
  1. DM diabetes mellitus, HT hypertension, FH family history, OHA oral hypoglycaemic agents, BMI body mass index, HbA1c glycated haemoglobin, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure