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Table 2 Multivariate analysis of the relationship between patient delay to TB case detection and contributing factors

From: Patient delay in seeking tuberculosis diagnosis and associated factors in Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Variable Value Number (%) Time ≤ 21 days n (%) Delay > 21 days n (%) Adjusted OR (CI) P value
Residence Urban 142 (36.0) 41 (28.9) 101 (71.1) 2.36 (1.64–3.40) 0.03*
Rurala 253 (64.0) 124 (49.0) 129 (51.0) 1.00
Occupation Unemployed 30 (7.6%) 13 (43.3%) 17 (56.7%) 10.08 (4.85–20.69) 0.08
Government employeea 36 (9.1%) 32 (88.9%) 4 (11.1%) 1.00
Farmer 110 (27.8%) 40 (36.4%) 70 (63.6%) 13.46 (9.15–19.85)
Private worker 51 (12.9%) 26 (51.0%) 25 (49.0%) 7.38 (4.31–12.77)
Student 57 (14.4%) 18 (31.6%) 39 (68.4%) 16.69 (9.54–29.15)
House wife 105 (26.6%) 33 (31.4%) 72 (68.6%) 16.77 (11.15–25.31)
Daily laborer 6 (1.5%) 3 (50.0%) 3 (50.0%) 7.69 (1.54–38.08)
Religion Orthodox 50 (12.6) 30 (60.0) 20 (40.0) 1.43 (0.81–2.50) 0.0001*
Catholic 27 (6.9) 10 (37.0) 17 (63.0) 2.67 (0.92–7.73)
Protestant 261 (66.1) 85 (32.6) 176 (67.4) 1.24 (1.73–7.00)
Muslima 57 (14.4) 40 (70.2) 17 (29.8) 1.00
Monthly income < 100 EB 78 (19.7) 19 (24.4) 59 (75.6) 3.38 (2.01–5.66) 0.0001*
100–500 EB 223 (56.5) 97 (43.5) 126 (56.5) 1.92 (1.00–3.73)
> 500 EBa 94 (23.8) 49 (52.1) 45 (47.9) 1.00
Distance from HF ≤ 5 kma 300 (75.9) 133 (44.3) 167 (55.7) 1.00 0.05
> 5 km 95 (24.1) 32 (43.7) 63 (66.3) 1.57 (1.03–2.41)
Knowledge about TB transmission Gooda 356 (90.1) 142 (39.9) 214 (60.1) 1.00 0.25
Poor 39 (9.9) 23 (59.0) 16 (41.0) 0.44 (0.23–0.84)
Yesa 370 (93.7) 147 (39.7) 223 (60.3) 1.00
Ever screened for HIV No 85 (21.5) 27 (31.8) 58 (68.2) 1.72 (1.09–2.71) 0.08
Yesa 310 (78.5) 138 (44.5) 172 (55.5) 1.00
Belief in the curability of TB No 25 (6.3) 18 (72.0) 7 (28.0) 0.06 (0.02–0.14) 0.0001*
Yesa 370 (93.7) 147 (39.7) 223 (60.3) 1.00
Comfort with DOTS No 105 (26.6) 36 (34.3) 69 (65.7) 1.54 (1.02–2.30) 0.003*
Yesa 290 (73.4) 129 (44.5) 161 (55.5) 1.00
  1. * Statistically significant when P < 0.05
  2. aReference category